April 16, 2015

New Studies push back dates of ancient human civilization



Ancient civilization along the Indus and Saraswati Rivers
 

With new archeological finds the dates of ancient human civilization are being pushed back,

“Asia's largest and oldest metropolis with gateways, built-up areas, street system and wells was built at the site of Haryana's two villages, including one on the Ghaggar river, according to a new Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) report. The report, based on C 14 radio-dating, has said the mounds at Bhirrana village, on the banks of Ghaggar River, in Fatehabad district date back to 7570-6200 BC.”

The 356-page research on Rakhigarhi has been authored by former ASI's archaeology director Dr Amarendra Nath, the holistic study on Bhirrana has been compiled by ASI's former joint director general K N Dikshit and addtional diector general B R Mani.

However, as speculated in some earlier posts yet more ancient remains may now be submerged in coastal regions of Southern India and these sites may be a result of a return to the northern plains with a language similar to archaic Tamil after the end of the ice age and submergence of southern cities. 

Seeing the antiquity of this civilzation, it seems that it is from here that the civilisation would have moved to ancient Elam, Sumer and later the Nile valley. The distance between the two civilaztions is not considerable. The distance betwwen Sumer and the eastern settlements of Indus valley is less than that between the eastern and western ends within Indus valley itself. Since it is established with reasonable certainty now that the language of Sumer ruling classes was Archaic Tamil and the people dark australoid people, it would seem that the language of the ruling classes in Indus valley could have been a form of Archaic Tamil too. However just as the local Akkadian language was spoken by the masses in Sumer, the language of the masses in Indus valley is likely to have been an Indo-European language. In time the language of the masses prevailed in both Sumer and Indus valley, leaving Tamil to develop at its place of origin in southern India and a few isolated pockets in North such as the one in Baluchistan..

It may be noted that the most prominent of these sites are along the ancient Saraswati River and only then the Indus River however the civilisation is often referred to as Indus Valley civilization because those sites were discovered first.. Part of the Saraswati River now flows as the much reduced Ghaggar River because its connection to the Himalayas between the present day Sutlej and Yamuna rivers has been lost. Some of the Ghaggar river now flows into Pakistan as it must have in ancient times too if one traces archeological sites. However if it was considered reviving it in India some of it may now be aligned with the recent Indira Gandhi canal after reconnecting it to the Himalayas.



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